PFAs in Compost
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PFAs in Compost

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of man-made chemicals that have been manufactured and used in a variety of industries around the globe since the 1940s, including as stain repellents in fabrics and grease barriers in food packaging. Good evidence has emerged that exposure to some PFAS can lead to adverse human health effects, and while the use of certain PFAS has been phased out, many are actively used and can still end up in our compost.


SITE INVESTIGATION REPORTInvestigation of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances at Select Source SeparatedOrganic Material and Yard Waste Sites, Minnesota

EPA Statement on Actions related to PFAS, Feb. 2020

Managing PFAs Chemicals in Compost, BioCycle, Feb 2020.

Composting Collaborative Webinar, December 1, 2019


Presentation, 2018 Emerging Contaminants Summit: “Addressing PFAS Leaching Concern Related to Recycled Biosolids & Other Residuals,”Ned Beecher, Executive Director, North East Biosolids and Residuals Association (NEBRA); Michael Rainey, Manager, Residuals Management Program (retired), NH Dept. of Environmental Services  DOWNLOAD

Presentation, “Toxic Chemicals in Food Service Ware,” Judith Levin, Center for Environmental Health DOWNLOAD

Article, “Managing Organics in the PFAs Age", Ned Beecher and Sally Brown, BioCycle, July 2018 DOWNLOAD

USCC Blog: “Compostable Packaging – An Exploratory Dialogue on Fluoro-Chemical Risks,” Gary Robinson, Synaptic Packaging